Peace or serenity can be defined as the state of non-violence, freedom from conflicts and tensions. It can also refer to the presence of the basic necessities of life which are food, good health, and tranquility of mind.
In other words, anger and hatred prevent people from living pacifically. The feeling of revenge makes it worse, and the presence of fear from a danger totally eliminates the state of peace.
What does culture of peace mean?
The United Nations define the culture of peace as a way of life or a mindset which aims to put an end to the leading factors of violence or skirmishes, and solve problems through peace talks and negotiations among civilians.
Why culture of peace is necessary?
The culture of peace is essential to prevent and dissolve the main causes of conflicts regardless of their forms, whether the threats are violent or non-violent. In other words, it is essential to nurture peace in humankind so as to develop the following values, which are community involvement, unity and cohesion, tolerance, and respect for human rights, especially freedom of expression.
When did the culture of peace start?
- In 1992, the United Nations' UNESCO started the Culture of Peace Program.
- On September 13, 1999, UNESCO presented a draft of the Program of Action on a Culture of Peace to the United Nations.
- Then, the General Assembly adopted UNESCO's Program of Action.
- In 2000, the General Assembly declared that year as the "International Year for the Culture of Peace".
- The years 2001-2010 was also declared as the "International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World".
What does the culture of peace consist of?
The "Manifesto 2000 for a culture of peace and nonviolence" involved each citizen to pledge to maintain peace in my daily life, in my family, my work, my community, my country and my region. It was designed by Nobel Peace Prize laureates.
The culture of peace addresses development To be efficient, the culture of peace involves many areas to ensure development, as follows:
- Culture of peace through education
- Durable socio-economic development
- Respect for human rights, especially freedom of expression and cultural diversity
- Participatory communication, which encourages each individual to actively contribute to important endeavors for development
- Appropriate consumer behavior, which aims at conserving the balance of nature
- International peace and security, which aim at establishing global peace
The culture of peace promotes freedom
In addition, the culture of peace also guarantees freedom to each citizen, because it deals with the following areas:
- Respect for life and dignity, which guarantees each individual to be free from discrimination or prejudice
- Gender equality and Democratic participation, which promotes the contribute of both men and women to community development, regardless of their democratic principles
- Freedom of information and knowledge, which enhance resources and material sharing
- Understanding, tolerance and solidarity, which aims at promoting nonviolence and rejecting all forms of abuses
In brief, it can be said that the culture of peace aims at practicing peace, which will eventually change the world into a better place, as Prem Rawat stated.